How NFTs Work: A Beginners Guide

NFTs, or non-fungible tokens, are unique digital assets that are gaining popularity in the world of art, collectibles, and gaming. But what exactly are NFTs, and how do they work?

What is an NFT?

At their most basic, NFTs are digital tokens that are stored on a blockchain. Unlike traditional cryptocurrencies, which have many similar copies, NFTs are unique and have unique properties. In other words, NFTs are not “fungible”, meaning not replaceable by another identical item.

This unique quality of NFTs allows them to represent a wide range of digital assets, from art and collectibles to virtual real estate and even in-game items. Because they are stored on a blockchain, NFTs are also easily verifiable and can be bought and sold on a variety of online marketplaces.

How do NFTs Work?

So, how do NFTs work in practice? The process of creating, buying, and selling NFTs involves a few key steps:

  1. Creation: The first step in the process is to create the NFT itself. This is done by uploading the digital asset to a blockchain platform and creating a unique token for it. Many popular sites like and allow you to upload and mint your own NFTs.
  2. Minting: Once the NFT has been created, it needs to be “minted,” or verified, on the blockchain. This process ensures that the NFT is unique and cannot be replicated or counterfeited.
  3. Listing: After the NFT has been minted, it can be listed on an online marketplace for others to view
  4. Buying: If someone is interested in purchasing an NFT, they can do so by using a cryptocurrency, such as Ethereum, to pay for it. Once the transaction is complete, the NFT is transferred to the buyer’s digital wallet.
  5. Trading: Just like any other asset, NFTs can be traded and sold on the open market. This allows buyers to resell their NFTs to other buyers, potentially for a profit.

    Overall, NFTs are a unique and innovative way to represent and trade digital assets. By using blockchain technology, they offer a verifiable way to own and trade unique digital items. As the popularity of NFTs continues to grow, it will be interesting to see how they are used in a variety of industries and applications.

    The majority of NFTs are created and stored on the Ethereum blockchain, a decentralized ledger that records transactions. Each NFT is a unique token with valuable information stored in it, making it easy to verify and validate ownership and transfers. Because their value is determined by market demand, NFTs can be bought and sold just like physical artwork.

    Why are NFTs great for Artists?

    In my opinion, NFTs are amazing for artists primarily because they allow digital artists to have the same ability to authenticate their work similar to traditional artists have been for decades. By minting a piece of art connected to your personal wallet address, that piece of work will forever be tied back to you on the decentralized information highway.
    • NFTs provide artists with a new platform to showcase and sell their work.
    • NFTs allow artists to directly control the distribution and sale of their work.
    • NFTs provide artists with a new source of revenue.
    • NFTs allow artists to authenticate and protect their work from fraud and counterfeiting.
    • NFTs provide a permanent and verifiable record of ownership and transaction history.
    • NFTs enable artists to create and sell unique, limited edition works.
    • NFTs allow artists to experiment with new forms of digital art and media.
    • NFTs provide a new way for artists to engage with and build a community of fans and collectors.
    • NFTs enable artists to track and analyze the performance and value of their work.
    • NFTs provide a new avenue for artists to gain exposure and recognition for their work.

What is Decentralization and Why does it Matter?

The blockchain is decentralized because it is a distributed database that is not controlled by any single authority or entity. Instead, it is maintained by a network of computers that are connected to the blockchain and run the necessary software to validate and record transactions.

Because the blockchain is decentralized, it is not subject to the control or influence of any one party. This makes it more resistant to tampering, censorship, and other forms of interference, and allows it to operate in a transparent and secure manner. Decentralization is a key feature of the blockchain and is one of the reasons why it is such a powerful technology.

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